Power Grid ‘Friendships’ Help Avoid South Asian Power Deficits
The new report “Power Market in SAARC Countries to 2020 – FDI Driven by Private Sector Participation is Key to Future Growth” states that the continuously increasing demand for power is stemming from rapid industrialization and commercialization in the South Asian region, with the resulting imbalance in the electrical demand and supply scenario representing the main driving force behind the growing power sector in South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) countries.
SAARC member countries are also planning to trade electricity with one another, with plans underway to develop a robust cross-country power grid. Plans are also underway to set up 200km of submarine cables between India and Sri Lanka to deliver 1,000 megawatts (MW) of electricity. Import and export of power between SAARC countries at competitive rates will act to support the region, offering aid in cases of power deficits in any member country.. Some cross-border trade is already in place, with Bhutan exporting around 1,200-1,400MW of electricity to India’s power grid.
The power markets of almost all SAARC member countries are regulated by state powers and, some private players are present in the generation and transmission segment, the sector is currently largely closed to competition. However, increasing electricity demands and a need to improve power infrastructure has led governments in SAARC countries to formulate lucrative policies offering incentives to private players for their investment.